Category Archives: Internet Security

Security: Escrow It

Escrow software is very useful in cases in which there is applied software because increasingly business has little or no controls over many aspects of the software it uses to run its operations. Very often, a third party wrote the code, they also did not write it specifically for that company’s use, and are selling the same basic code to multiple users.

This can cause problems further down the line for company’s involved in these kinds of software transactions. In particular, a bankruptcy in the case of the software manufacturer needs to be clearly addressed. The release reasons are a key linchpin to an escrow agreement. Attention should in any case be paid the application of the current law.

In any case, a company, which intends to launch software escrow, needs to secure a thorough consultation process schedule.

Corresponding keys need to be deposited with third parties and government agencies in order to be able to obtain access under certain conditions to the software code.

In the context of databases, escrow is enabled to process a synchronization method of transactions for the introduction of data in the database. The data is included in the database, and not only at the end of transaction. The escrow procedure allows a certain value set on an object.

A reserve, under the premise that a certain condition has been met by both parties. The system can then simultaneously release all the required information as long as the predicate is met by both sides. A major disadvantage of this procedure is because the SQL interface needs to be extended and application programs need to be adapted.

A professional software escrow company should be in a position to offer in depth and comprehensive escrow verification testing. Before engaging a company to deal with these delicate and highly complex matters, it is essential to be comfortable with the company’s grasp of all relevant procedures. These would include the ability to look through the files and scripts to be certain that everything is complete as per the agreement. And most importantly, that it is practical to utilize the deposited material on the release of the code and documentation.

When used in a proper and professional manor source code escrow and software escrow is an essential tool for any company to ensure that they receive what they agreed, from the software provider.

By: Darrell Freeman

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Darrell F writing about software escrow payments and website source code escrow.

What Is Cybercrime?

What Is Cybercrime?

It’s complicated. Cybercrime cannot be described by any one word. Just like crime as we know it, cybercrime has many different applications and can occur anytime and anyplace. Identity thieves and other criminals use several different methods, depending on how much they know and what their objective is. Cybercrime is ‘crime’ involving some sort of a ‘computer’ or ‘cyber’ factor.

The Council of Europe’s Cybercrime Treaty uses the term ‘cybercrime’ to identify offenses ranging from criminal activity against data to content and copyright infringement [Krone, 2005]. Others [Zevar-Geese, 1997-98] have stated that the definition is not that confined and include fraud, unauthorized access, child pornography, and cyberstalking. The United Nations have authored the Manual on the Prevention and Control of Computer Related Crime and they include fraud, forgery, and unauthorized access [United Nations, 1995]. Obviously cybercrime comes in many different packages and different types of cybercrime are going to require different defences if your computer is going to be safe.

Internet security software giant Symantec draws from the various definitions of cybercrime and define it as ‘any crime that is committed using a computer or network, or hardware device’. Symantec says that ‘the computer or device may be the agent of the crime, the facilitator of the crime, or the target of the crime’. The cybercrime may occur just on the computer or in addition to other places. To help us understand this complex group of crimes, Symantec has divided it into two categories and they are Type I and Type II cybercrime

Type I cybercrime contains the following properties:

Typically it is a single event (in the mind of the victim). An example would be when a victim downloads a trojan horse, without knowing it, and then the horse installs a keystroke logger into his or her machine. Or the victim could receive an e-mail that carries a link to a supposed known entity, but instead it is a link to a hostile website. Type I cybercrime is often enabled by crimeware programs like keystroke loggers, viruses, rootkits or Trojan horses. Software flaws or vulnerabilities will usually provide the anchor that the identity thief/criminal is looking for. An example would be a group of criminals having control of a website and then taking advantage of a vulnerability in a Web browser that would allow them to place a Trojan horse on an un-suspecting persons computer. Type I examples include but are not limited to phishing, theft or manipulation of data services by way of hacking or viruses, identity theft, and bank or e-commerce fraud.

Type II cybercrime includes, but is not limited to cyberstalking and harassment, child predation, extortion, blackmail, stock market manipulation, complex corporate spying and planning/carrying out terrorism. The properties of Type II cybercrime are a set of circumstances etc. that are an on-going series of events where there are repeated interactions with the target. One example is a target being contacted on a social networking site or chat room and because of the calculated time and effort of the criminal, a relationship is formed. Inevitably the target is exploited in a criminal manner. Another example is a group of identity thieves, terrorists or other criminals using hidden messages to communicate in a public forum to plan activities or discuss money laundering locations. Type II cybercrime is usually enabled by programs that are not classified as crimeware where conversations may take place using IM (instant messaging) or files may be shared using FTP.

By: Vezina

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